Answer: A Neutron
Answer: Paul Erdős
More information: Erdős published at least 1,525 mathematical papers during his lifetime. He engaged more than 500 collaborators and devoted most of his time to mathematics up until his death in 1996 at the age of 83 years old.
More information: The Chameleon's tongue can stretch between 1.5 to two times it's body length. It uses this tongue to catch insects on nearby branches.
More information: Jupiter has at least 67 known moons currently, and is the 5th planet from the Sun.