Answer: Paul Erdős
More information: Erdős published at least 1,525 mathematical papers during his lifetime. He engaged more than 500 collaborators and devoted most of his time to mathematics up until his death in 1996 at the age of 83 years old.
More information: Russell collaborated very little and no Erdös number can be found using research articles. But, as pointed out by Sachi Sri Kantha at "the Erdös number project" Russell and Albert Einstein did coauthor the Russell-Einstein "Peace" Manifesto of 1955.