More information: Russell collaborated very little and no Erdös number can be found using research articles. But, as pointed out by Sachi Sri Kantha at "the Erdös number project" Russell and Albert Einstein did coauthor the Russell-Einstein "Peace" Manifesto of 1955.
More information: Portman collaborated (using her birth name, Natalie Hershlag) with Abigail A. Baird, who has a collaboration path (Gazzaniga, Michael S. -> Victor, Jonathan D.) leading to Joseph Gillis, who has an Erdős number of 1.
Answer: Pierre-Simon Laplace has an Erdős number of at most 14!
More information: According to "The Erdös number project" a path to Laplace was found by Leonid Yanushevich giving the famous mathematician an Erdös number of at most 14.
Answer: 4 trivial factors.
More information: The positive +1 and +N and the negative -1 and -N.
Answer: Yes, it is!
More information: Adding up the divisors of 8128: 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 + 32 + 64 + 127 + 254 + 508 + 1016 + 2032 + 4064 = 8128
Answer: Leonhard Euler.
More information: Swiss-born Euler is held to be one of the greatest mathematicians in history. He made pioneering contributions to several branches of mathematics and introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation.
More information: Of course, as time passes, the smallest Erdős number that can still be achieved will necessarily increase, as mathematicians with low Erdős numbers die and become unavailable for collaboration.