Answer: Paul Erdős More information: Erdős published at least 1,525 mathematical papers during his lifetime. He engaged more than 500 collaborators and devoted most of his time to mathematics up until his death in 1996 at the age of 83 years old.

Answer: Leonhard Euler. More information: Swiss-born Euler is held to be one of the greatest mathematicians in history. He made pioneering contributions to several branches of mathematics and introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation.

Answer: A perfect number. More information: You might also think of a perfect number as a number that is half the sum of all of its positive divisors, including itself! This definition is at least 2300 years old as it appears in Euclid's "Elements".

Answer: 5 More information: Portman collaborated (using her birth name, Natalie Hershlag) with Abigail A. Baird, who has a collaboration path (Gazzaniga, Michael S. -> Victor, Jonathan D.) leading to Joseph Gillis, who has an Erdős number of 1.

Answer: Pierre-Simon Laplace has an Erdős number of at most 14! More information: According to "The Erdös number project" a path to Laplace was found by Leonid Yanushevich giving the famous mathematician an Erdös number of at most 14.