Singspiel is an opera form that originated circa the early 17th century. Renowned German composer Johann Adam Hiller is considered to be the orignator of this art form.
Beethoven's hearing starting deteriorating in his late 20s, and by the time he was in his mid 40s, he was practically deaf. However, this impairment did not prevent him from composing music, albeit in lower notes than he had prior.
"The Five" (Mily Balakirev, César Cui, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Borodin), also known as "the Mighty Handful" and "the New Russian School", were instrumental in shaping the form of classical Russian music in the 19th century.
The Gramophone Classical Music Awards first began in 1977 and since then have been conducted annually, usually in London during the month of September. Some people consider winning a Gramophone Award even more of an accomplishment than winning a Grammy.
Answer: "Zadok the Priest"
Originally composed by Handel for the coronation of King George II in 1727, "Zadok the Priest", based on the anointing of Solomon as king in the Biblical book of 1 Kings, has been recited at the coronation of every British monarch since.
"Bastien and Bastienne" is one of the first operas written by Mozart, which he composed at the youthful age of 12.
Answer: Symphony No. 5
Beethoven's Symphony No. 5, perhaps his best known work, has come to be known as the "Victory Symphony" due to its usage during the Allied Forces' "V for Victory" campaign during World War II.
A study published by the respected scientific journal "Nature" in 1999 suggested that listening to certain tunes by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart slightly increased student IQ scores, albeit briefly. This theorized phenomenon has come to be known as the "Mozart effect".
Beginning with the efforts of a lone street performer in New York City in 2011, as of 2019 "Bach in the Subway" is celebrated every March 21st (Bach's birthday according to the now-defunct Julian calendar) by several thousands of musicians in over a hundred cities around the globe.
Answer: Robert Schumann
Clara's father, pianist Friedrich Wieck, disapproved of her relationship with Robert Schumann and forbade them to marry. However, they did eventually do so - a day before Clara's 21st birthday, when she would have no longer needed her father's consent, most likely just to spite him as they had alreday taken him to court on the matter and prevailed. Clara Wieck would go on to become Clara Schumann, the most-celebrated female composer from the 19th century.