Bethlehem is named in reverence to King David.
Matthias is widely regarded as the apostle who wasn't chosen by Christ Himself personally. But Matthias took Judas Iscariot's slot after the latter betrayed Christ.
Moses often tended the flock of his father-in-law named Jethro.
Joseph begot 12 sons. These sons will later form the tribes of Israel
Answer: Andrew and Peter
Our Lord reached out to Andrew and Peter to follow Him.
Naaman took receipt of a message from Elisha. Elisha ordered Naaman to wash seven times in the river Jordan. (2 Kings 5:10)
The king, upset by the teachings of Daniel, threw Daniel into a den filled with hungry and vicious lions.
Answer: The world
In 1 Corinthians 6:2, Paul said that the world is bound to be judged by the saints.